Mentoring of the Syar'i Economist Movement in Shaping the Culture of Islamic Economic Understanding Students Based on the Yellow Book at the Pesantren Lubbul Labib Probolinggo
Keywords:the santri movement, islamic economics, the yellow book
Pesantren has great potential in building the national Sharia economy, currently pesantren does not only act as a religious-based educational institution. However, pesantren is a place of socio-economic empowerment for students and the community in the environment around the pesantren. Pesantren with its various strategic potentials, deserves to be the locomotive of the Islamic economy. On the other hand, the progress of sharia economic development in Indonesia really requires the role of Pesantren. This is because until now pesantren is still the largest and most influential Islamic educational institution and a center for the legitimized clerics and da'i in the community. Moreover, actually the products of the Islamic economy are the wealth of pesantren, which is extracted from the fiqh muamalah in the yellow book which is the hallmark of pesantren. Students should understand sharia economics better than others because they are struggling daily with sharia science. In Pesantren Lubbul Labib, the yellow book is one of the learning models that is applied daily. All students are required to learn the yellow book which discusses morals, fiqh, aqidah, and others. However, in terms of the application of islamic economic terms contained in the fiqh book such as akad salam, akad hiwalah, akad kafalah is still said to be very weak, not even fully becoming a culture of economic practice for students. The implementation of this PKM through the PAR (Participatory Action Research) method, which starts with micro-actions that have a macro / global context. Micro-action is meant the resolution of small problems that have a fundamental context and are related to the macro context. Therefore, this strategy is implemented with an approach of mastering the technical knowledge of the community, so that the community directly feels the process of its involvement in social change built by this PKM and is sustainable.
This research focuses on assisting santri in Pesantren Lubbul Labib through the syar'i economist movement, namely assistance to students related to islamic economic terms and applications contained in fiqh books studied in Pesantren such as the book of fath al qarib so that a culture of students understanding sharia economy is formed