Key Leadership Traits in Madrasah Principals: Decision-Making, Motivation, Communication, and Management Skills


  • Muammar Asykur Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar
  • Sitti Muthmainnah Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar



Leadership, Organizational Effectiveness, Decision Making


This study analyzes the leadership traits of school principals in Madrasah, focusing on their decision-making abilities, motivational skills, communication proficiency, and capability to manage subordinates. The research utilizes a qualitative descriptive methodology. Data were collected through interviews, observations, and documentation, with informants selected using purposive sampling to ensure relevance and accuracy. The findings reveal that effective leadership in Madrasahs is characterized by the principal's strong decision-making abilities, the capacity to motivate staff, excellent communication skills, and effective control over subordinates. These traits collectively contribute to the school's overall success and smooth operation. The study underscores the importance of these leadership traits in educational settings, providing valuable insights for developing training and professional development programs for school leaders. Enhancing these skills can lead to improved school management and better educational outcomes.


Abdikar imova, M., Tashieva, N., & Abdullaeva, Z. (2021). Developing students verbal communication skills and speech etiquette in english language teaching. Open Journal of Modern Linguistics, 11(1), 83-89.

Acton, K. S. (2021). School leaders as change agents: Do principals have the tools they need?. Management in Education, 35(1), 43-51.

Alshurideh, M., Kurdi, B., Alzoubi, H., Obeidat, B., Hamadneh, S., & Ahmad, A. (2022). The influence of supply chain partners’ integrations on organizational performance: The moderating role of trust. Uncertain Supply Chain Management, 10(4), 1191-1202.

Arifin, S., Zaini, A. W., & Sanjani, M. A. F. (2024). Manajemen Pengembangan Kurikulum Berbasis Ahlussunnah wal Jama'ah dalam Best Practice Pendidikan Islam. Educazione: Journal of Education and Learning, 1(2), 28-44.

Asipi, L. S., Rosalina, U., & Nopiyadi, D. (2022). The analysis of reading habits using Miles and Huberman interactive model to empower students’ literacy at IPB Cirebon. International Journal of Education and Humanities, 2(3), 117-125.

Baharun, H., & Hasanah, S. (2023). Increasing Attraction and Success through Nature Leadership in Madrasah. Jurnal Isema: Islamic Educational Management, 8(1), 31-44.

Banmairuroy, W., Kritjaroen, T., & Homsombat, W. (2022). The effect of knowledge-oriented leadership and human resource development on sustainable competitive advantage through organizational innovation's component factors: Evidence from Thailand’s new S-curve industries. Asia Pacific Management Review, 27(3), 200-209.

De Clercq, D., Suhail, A., Azeem, M. U., & Haq, I. U. (2021). Citizenship pressure and job performance: roles of citizenship fatigue and continuance commitment. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 59(3), 482-505.

Einola, K., & Khoreva, V. (2023). Best friend or broken tool? Exploring the co‐existence of humans and artificial intelligence in the workplace ecosystem. Human Resource Management, 62(1), 117-135.

Ezzani, M. D., Brooks, M. C., Yang, L., & Bloom, A. (2023). Islamic school leadership and social justice: an international review of the literature. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 26(5), 745-777.

Haider, S. A., Zubair, M., Tehseen, S., Iqbal, S., & Sohail, M. (2023). How does ambidextrous leadership promote innovation in project-based construction companies? Through mediating role of knowledge-sharing and moderating role of innovativeness. European Journal of Innovation Management, 26(1), 99-118.

Hashimy, S. Q., Jahromi, A., Hamza, M., Naaz, I., Nyamwero, N. B., & HT, B. (2023). Nurturing Leadership and Capacity Building for Success: Empowering Growth. International Journal of Rehabilitation & Special Education, 3(2).

Hefniy, H., Mardiana, D., & Enggal, D. (2023). Prophetic Leadership in Creating Superior Educational Institutions: Phenomenological Study of Private Islamic Universities. Al-Tanzim: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 7(4), 1319-1330.

Hidayah, H. (2023). Inspiring Leadership dalam Membangun Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) di Pondok Pesantren. Aafiyah: Jurnal Multidisiplin Ilmu, 1(01), 38-53.

Iqbal, Q., & Ahmad, N. H. (2021). Sustainable development: The colors of sustainable leadership in learning organization. Sustainable Development, 29(1), 108-119.

Kilag, O. K. T., Pasigui, R. E., Malbas, M. H., Manire, E. A., Piala, M. C., Araña, A. M. M., & Sasan, J. M. (2024). Preferred Educational Leaders: Character and Skills. European Journal of Higher Education and Academic Advancement, 1(2), 50-56.

Kuknor, S. C., & Bhattacharya, S. (2022). Inclusive leadership: new age leadership to foster organizational inclusion. European Journal of Training and Development, 46(9), 771-797.

Lasrado, F., & Kassem, R. (2021). Let's get everyone involved! The effects of transformational leadership and organizational culture on organizational excellence. International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, 38(1), 169-194.

Lemoine, G. J., & Blum, T. C. (2021). Servant leadership, leader gender, and team gender role: Testing a female advantage in a cascading model of performance. Personnel Psychology, 74(1), 3-28.

Martinez, N., & Macario, R. (2023). The Impact of Organizational Culture on Leadership Strategies in Crisis Management. Excellencia: International Multi-disciplinary Journal of Education (2994-9521), 1(5), 454-466.

Maulidia, M., & Sanjani, M. A. F. (2023). Enhancing Educational Impact: Exploring Effective Media And Public Relations Techniques In Educational Institutions. Ar-Rosikhun: Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam, 2(3), 214-225.

Novitasari, D., Haque, M. G., Supriatna, H., Asbari, M., & Purwanto, A. (2021). Understanding the links between charismatic leadership, intrinsic motivation and tacit knowledge sharing among MSME employees. International Journal of Social and Management Studies, 2(3), 1-13.

Priya, A. (2021). Case study methodology of qualitative research: Key attributes and navigating the conundrums in its application. Sociological Bulletin, 70(1), 94-110.

Purwanto, A., Wafa, A., & Sanjani, M. A. F. (2023). Interpersonal Communication Strategies in Building an Image of Contigency Perspective of Accommodation. Managere: Indonesian Journal of Educational Management, 5(3), 267-279.

Quansah, E., & Hartz, D. E. (2021). Strategic adaptation: leadership lessons for small business survival and success. American Journal of Business, 36(3/4), 190-207.

Ranerup, A., & Henriksen, H. Z. (2022). Digital discretion: Unpacking human and technological agency in automated decision making in Sweden’s social services. Social Science Computer Review, 40(2), 445-461.

Ridwan, R. (2021). The effect of leadership on performance: Analysis of School Management Ability and Attitude. AKADEMIK: Jurnal Mahasiswa Ekonomi & Bisnis, 1(2), 59-67.

Salas‐Vallina, A., Alegre, J., & López‐Cabrales, Á. (2021). The challenge of increasing employees' well‐being and performance: How human resource management practices and engaging leadership work together toward reaching this goal. Human Resource Management, 60(3), 333-347.

Sanjani, M. A. F., Ridlo, M. H., & Yanti, L. S. (2023). Investigating The Holistic Management in Increasing Graduates'competence in Madrasa Based on Pesantren. Pedagogik: Jurnal Pendidikan, 10(2), 226-239.

Schiuma, G., Schettini, E., & Carlucci, D. (2022). The transformative leadership compass: six competencies for digital transformation entrepreneurship. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 28(5), 1273-1291.

Srimulyani, V. A., & Hermanto, Y. B. (2022). Organizational culture as a mediator of credible leadership influence on work engagement: empirical studies in private hospitals in East Java, Indonesia. Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 9(1), 1-11.

Suryadi, Y., & Al-Shreifeen, I. A. (2024). Islamic Education Leadership: Study on Madrasah Management in Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Education (INJOE), 4(1), 25-38.

Thompson Burdine, J., Thorne, S., & Sandhu, G. (2021). Interpretive description: A flexible qualitative methodology for medical education research. Medical education, 55(3), 336-343.

Williams, H. (2021). The meaning of “Phenomenology”: Qualitative and philosophical phenomenological research methods. The Qualitative Report, 26(2), 366-385.

Zhao, L., Yang, M. M., Wang, Z., & Michelson, G. (2023). Trends in the dynamic evolution of corporate social responsibility and leadership: A literature review and bibliometric analysis. Journal of Business Ethics, 182(1), 135-157.




How to Cite

Asykur, M., & Sitti Muthmainnah. (2024). Key Leadership Traits in Madrasah Principals: Decision-Making, Motivation, Communication, and Management Skills . Journal of Educational Management Research, 3(1), 59–70.